Moral Judgment

i. Moral rules are held to have an objective, prescriptive force; they are notdependent on the authority of any individual or institution.
ii. Moral rules are taken to hold generally, not just locally; they not only proscribe
behavior here and now, but also in other countries and at other times in history.
iii. Violations of moral rules involve a victim who has been harmed, whose rights
have been violated, or who has been subject to an injustice.
iv. Violations of moral rules are typically more serious than violations of
conventional rules.
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